Last Updated on: 15th February 2023, 12:35 am
Rabindranath Tagore Biography
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- He is Known as the Nobel Prize Winner, Rabindranath Tagore was born ( Rabindranath Tagore Birthday ) on May 7, 1861, in a wealthy Brahmin (a Hindu caste) family in Calcutta.
- Rabindranath Tagore’s father’s name was Devendranath, his mother’s name was Sharda Devi, he was his ninth son.
- His grandfather Dwarkanath Tagore was a wealthy landowner and social reformer.
- Rabindranath Tagore had his early education at the Oriental Seminary School.
- But he did not like the traditional (traditional) education and started studying at home under several teachers.
- After undergoing his Upanayana rites (taking the child to the Guru) at the age of eleven, and toured India for several months, at the Himalayan hill station of Dalhousie before visiting his father’s Santiniketan estate and Amritsar Arrive.
- There, Tagore read biographies, studied history, astronomy, modern science and Sanskrit, and examined Kalidasa’s classical poetry.
Who was the Rabindranath Tagore?
- Rabindranath Tagore was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
- Tagore was a poet, musician, polymath, Ayurveda -researcher and artist, who revived music, Bengali literature and Indian art in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Rabindranath Tagore was also known as ‘Bard of Bengal’. Today is the 159th birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore.
- A man of prodigious literary and artistic achievements, Tagore played a major role in the Indian cultural renaissance and, along with Mohandas Gandhi, became recognized as one of the architects of modern India.
- India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru wrote in the Discovery of India, “Tagore and Gandhi have undoubtedly been (of course) two outstanding and influential figures in the first half of the twentieth century.
- Tagore’s influence on the minds of the people of India, and The influence of successive generations in particular has been tremendous.
- He has written not only in Bengali, the language in which he has written himself, and in all modern languages of India.
- More than any other Indian, he has helped to reconcile the ideals of the East and the West and broaden the base of Indian nationalism.
Early Life Of Rabindranath Tagore
- Tagore started writing poetry at an early age.
- Tagore was raised mostly by servants; His mother died in his childhood and his father traveled extensively.
- The Tagore family was at the fore in the renaissance of Bengal. Tagore’s eldest brother Dwijendranath was a philosopher and poet.
- Another brother, Satyendranath, was aristocrat (people or organizations considered to be the best or most powerful than others of the same type) and the first Indian appointed to the All-European Indian Civil Service.
- He had another brother, Jyotirindranath, a musician and playwright. His sister Swarnakumari became a novelist.
- Tagore’s father invited several professional musicians to stay in the house and teach Indian classical music to the children.
- After completing his studies in England in the late (1870s), he returned to India where he published several books of poetry beginning in the 1880s.
- Tagore traveled extensively in Europe, America and East Asia, lecturing and reciting his poems and became a spokesman for Indian independence from British colonial rule.
- In 1901, Tagore established an experimental school in Santiniketan, where he tried to blend the best of Indian and Western traditions.
- He hosted the publication of literary magazines; Theater and singing of Bengali and Western classical music were regularly performed there.
- Jyotirindranath’s wife Kadambari Devi, slightly older than Tagore, was a dear friend and a powerful influence.
Rabindranath Tagore drawing Or Rabindranath Tagore Images
Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti
Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti celebrated due To the 161st birth anniversary of one of the most loved and influential poets of all time, Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti will be observed on May 9 every year.
WIFE AND CHILDREN Of Rabindranath Tagore
- Rabindranath Tagore married Mrinalini. Within 19 years, he lost his wife and never married again.
- It was believed that he sought close mates even during his married life.
- Rabindranath Tagore had five children – two sons, Rathindranath Tagore and Shamindranath Tagore, and three daughters, Renuka Tagore, Madhurilata Tagore and Mira Tagore.
Early Poetry Of Rabindranath Tagore
- Known mostly for his poetry, Tagore wrote novels, essays, short stories, travelogues, plays and thousands of songs.
- Among Tagore’s prose, his short stories are perhaps the most widely regarded.
- He is in fact credited with the origin of the Bengali-language version of the style.
- His works are often noted for their optimistic and lyrical nature.
- Such stories mostly borrow from the lives of common people.
- Tagore’s non-fiction is intertwined with history, linguistics and spirituality.
- He wrote autobiographies. His travelogues, essays and lectures were compiled in several volumes, including Europe Jatrir Patro (Letters from Europe) and Manusher Dhormo (The Religion of Man).
- His brief conversation with Einstein, “Note on the Nature of Reality”, is included as an appendix to the latter.
- On the occasion of Tagore’s 150th birthday, an anthology of his total collection of works (titled Kalani Chromik Rabindra Rachanabali) is currently being published in Bengali in chronological order.
- It contains all the volumes of each work and has about eighty volumes. In 2011, Harvard University Press in association with Visva-Bharati University published The Essential Tagore, the largest compilation of Tagore’s works available in English;
- It was edited by Fakrul Alam and Radha Chakraborty and marks the 150th anniversary of Tagore’s birth.
- He was the only poet whose two compositions became the national anthem of two countries – the national anthem of India “Jana Gana Mana” and the national anthem of Bangladesh “Amar Sonar”.
Nature Of The Rabindranath Tagore
- Tagore was much ahead of his time, he used to complete his work ahead of time and his works were liked not only in India but all over the world.
- Because of this, he is considered one of the most hardworking people in the whole world and he used to do his work with full devotion (passion and love) and honesty.
- This is the reason that brought him to this position today and the whole world appreciated his work.
Rabindranath Tagore Books
Rabindranath Tagore Books Are Very popular in india as well as in other countries of the world. He wrote many books like
- Short Stories
- Gora :- 1910
- Shesher Kabita :- 1929
- Sonar Tori :- 1894
- Song Offerings :- 1910
- Stray Birds :- 1916
- The Post Office :- 1912
- The Home and the World :- 1916
- Dui Bigha Jomi
Rabindranath Tagore Poems
Rabindranath Tagore Poems Are Very Popular, People Love To Read Them, Some Of Them Are
- On the nature of love
- paper boats
- where the mind is without fear
- Free love
- End time less
One Of Rabindranath Tagore poems “Gitanjali” which was first published in 1910. And later in 1912 it was also published in English.
Tagore first wrote poems at the age of eight. He published his first important poetry – under the pseudonym Bhanusinho (“Sun Lion”) – in 1877 and wrote his first short stories and plays at the age of sixteen!
Rabindranath Tagore Poems in Bengali
Rabindranath Tagore Poems In bengali :- Rabindranath Tagore Wrote Many Poems In Bengali Like :-
3:- Bhagna Hriday
4:- Sandhya Sangeet
5:- Prabhat Sangeet
Rabindranath Tagore Quotes And Thoughts
Some Of The Best Rabindranath Tagore Quotes And thoughts are follows:-
- “Clouds come floating into my life, no longer to carry rain or usher storm, but to add color to my sunset sky.”
- “If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars.”
- “Let me not pray to be sheltered from dangers,
but to be fearless in facing them.
- Let me not beg for the stilling of my pain, but
for the heart to conquer it.”
- “You can’t cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water.”
― Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore Prizes and awards
- Poet Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for his collection Gitanjali, published in London in 1913.
- The award gained even more importance when it was presented to an Indian for the first time.
- This honor established Tagore’s literary reputation across the world.
- In 2011, Harvard University Press in association with Visva-Bharati University published The Essential Tagore, the largest compilation of Tagore’s works available in English!
Rabindranath Tagore Noble Prize
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 1913 was awarded to Rabindranath Tagore “because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.” – By nobleprize.org
Rabindranath Tagore Death
- Rabindranath Tagore, a priceless gem of India, died on 7 August 1941. He wrote many poems during his tenure and also won many awards.
- People liked him very much and considered him as their guru, so people also called him by the name of “Gurudev”.
Q.1 :- Who is Rabindranath Tagore?
Rabindranath Tagore was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore was a poet, musician, polymath, Ayurveda -researcher and artist
Q.2:- when was Rabindranath Tagore born?
Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861, in a wealthy Brahmin (a Hindu caste) family in Calcutta.
Q.3:- When did Rabindranath Tagore died?
Rabindranath Tagore, a priceless gem of India, died on 7 August 1941. He wrote many poems during his tenure and also won many awards.
Q.4:- Where was Rabindranath Tagore born?
Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861, in a wealthy Brahmin (a Hindu caste) family in Calcutta.
Q.5:- Why did Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood?
Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood in 1919 because of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
Q.6:- why rabindranath tagore got nobel prize?
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1913 was awarded to Rabindranath Tagore “because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought
Q.7:- which university was founded by rabindranath tagore?
Visva-Bharati (Bengali: [biʃːɔbʱaroti]) is a public central university and an Institution of National Importance located in Shantiniketan, West Bengal, India.
Q.8:- when did rabindranath tagore got nobel prize?
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1913 was awarded to Rabindranath Tagore “because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse.
Q.9:- which magazine was edited by rabindranath tagore
In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore became the editor of the magazine Bangadarshan.
Q.10:- what is the nickname of rabindranath tagore
Referred to as “the Bard of Bengal”, Tagore was known by sobriquets: Gurudev, Kobiguru, Biswakobi.